The Landlord Tenant Board deals with disputes between landlords and tenants in the Province of Ontario. It has exclusive jurisdiction over all issues arising from residential tenancies. The Residential Tenancies Act governs the requirements of both landlords and tenants and includes sections pertaining to non-profit cooperatives, long-term care homes, and even mobile home parks.
Common Landlord-Tenant cases include:
- Unpaid or persistently late rent
- Interference with the right to reasonable enjoyment
- Evictions for the landlord’s own use and unlawful evictions
- Occupants who are not covered under the Act
- Maintenance of the rental unit
In Ontario Small Claims Court, individuals or businesses can sue for money or the return of property valued at $35,000.00 or less. The claim must be for money owed under an agreement or for damages. Actions in the Small Claims Court must be commenced less than two years from the date that the loss occurred.
Common Small Claims Court cases include:
- Unpaid invoices
- Property damage
- Shoddy workmanship
- Breach of contract
The Employment Standards Act regulates the minimum standards necessary of all workplaces in Ontario and sets out rules regarding minimum wage, pregnancy and parental leave, termination, severance pay, and more. In some situations, an employee may be entitled to more compensation under common law. It is always a good idea to check your rights, especially if you’ve been asked to sign a document.
Common Employment Law cases include:
- Wrongful termination
- Workplace violence and harassment
- Whether an employee is classified as a full-time employee or a contracted employee
- Non-compete clauses
The Provincial Offences Act covers a wide number of statutes and legislation. The most common charges involve the Highway Traffic Act. Provincial offences could include charges from the Trespass to Property Act or the Dog Owner’s Liability Act. These offences do not result in a criminal record. Penalties are normally fines, however in very select cases, there is the possibility of imprisonment in serious situations.
Common Provincial Offences cases include:
- Driving infractions such as speeding, driving without insurance and stunt driving
- Parking tickets
- By-laws such as a pet having no leash or tags
- Public intoxication
The Human Rights Tribunal assists those discriminated against in the areas of housing, employment, contracts, services, goods and facilities, and more. Protected grounds include sex, gender, race, colour, ancestry, place of origin, citizenship, religion, disability, age, marital and family status, gender expression and identity.
Common Human Rights cases include:
- Discriminatory job advertisements
- Landlord or employer unwilling to accommodate your disabilities
- Consistently overlooked for job opportunities or promotions based on sex, gender, marital status, etc.
- Disciplinary action at your job when behaviour is due to disability
- Harassment or discrimination at an establishment you frequent
Common documents that may require commissioning:
- Affidavits for court proceedings
- Loan forms, insurance claims
- ODSP or Ontario Works applications
Common documents that may require notarization:
- Wills, deeds, trusts
- Medical documents
- Power of attorney and other statutory declarations